Sunday, December 10th, 2023

Breaking News for

Sportsmen Since 1967

Sunday, December 10th, 2023

Breaking News for

Sportsmen Since 1967

Are deer suffering from ‘voluntary overcrowding?’

Studies of species other than white-tailed deer, including domestic livestock, show that overabundance can lead to behavioral changes in the population and even physiologically weaker individuals. The author questions if such changes are occurring in whitetail populations as well. Photo by Ben Sosniecki)
The North American pre-settlement population of white-tailed deer totaled somewhere between 24 million and 62 million animals, or an average of about 14.2 deer per square mile over roughly 3,011,600 square miles of estimated range. (Hanberry, B.B. and P. Hanberry. 2020: Wildlife Society Bulletin 44(3): 512-518) Most of these animals lived on 2,007,800 square miles east of the Mississippi River. Today, there are somewhere between 11 million and 35 million whitetails, about half of the pre-settlement number. But landcover has changed dramatically, and several Midwestern states hold numbers of deer, ranging from 15 to greater than 45 deer per square mile.
digital devicesThis content is restricted to subscribers of If you are already an subscriber, you can log in here. If you are not and would like to read this and all the other great content has to offer, click here.

Share on Social


Hand-Picked For You

Related Articles

For a limited time, you can get full access to breaking news, all original Outdoor News stories and updates from the entire Great Lakes Region and beyond, the most up-to-date fishing & hunting reports, lake maps, photo & video galleries, the latest gear, wild game cooking tips and recipes, fishing & hunting tips from pros and experts, bonus web content and much, much more, all on your smartphone, tablet or desktop For just a buck per month!

Some restrictions apply. Not valid with other promotions. $1 per month for 6 months (you will be billed $6) and then your subscription will renew at standard subscription rates. For more information see Terms and Conditions. This offer only applies to and not for any Outdoor News print subscriptions. Offer valid thru 3/31/23.

Already a subscriber to Click here to login.

Before you go... Get the latest outdoor news sent to your inbox.

Sign up for our free newsletter.

Email Address(Required)
What outdoor activities interest you?