Park would cover 2,500 acres and protect nearly
5 miles of shoreline
Soudan, Minn. – A state park on the shores of Lake Vermilion
likely would be among the state’s most pristine.
Excited as officials are about the prospects of adding the first
major park in 30 years, there’s no guarantee it’ll get done. That’s
up to the Legislature, which will be asked next year to approve the
proposal and come up with the millions of dollars the land is
expected to cost and develop.
Standing on a rocky outcrop before a collection of media
representatives and others – with expansive blue water, wooded
islands, and a couple of boats in the background – Mark Holsten,
DNR commissioner, spoke of his vision for what would be a
2,500-acre park along nearly 5 miles of shoreline. It would abut
Soudan Underground Mine State Park to create a 3,700-acre tract
with 10 miles of protected shoreline along the lake’s eastern
Holsten also spoke of reality.
‘One year from now, it’s either going to be in the hands of the
citizens of the state in the development of a state park – for all
of us to come up and enjoy this kind of afternoon – or it’s going
to be developed into houses,’ he said. ‘That’s pretty much the
simple choice we have.’
The land currently is owned by U.S. Steel, which is in the
process of developing the property into about 150 homes. A little
more than a month ago, state officials approached the company and
asked it to hold off on actual development of the property. The
company gave the state a year to figure out how to make the project
happen, including how to fund it.
While Holsten said the state hadn’t done its due diligence and
wouldn’t get into specifics about what it might cost to secure the
land and develop a so-called next-generation park – ‘I don’t think
it serves us well to start putting out numbers that none of us can
really lock down,’ he said – Gov. Tim Pawlenty, a supporter of the
proposal, has said the cost would be in the ‘tens of millions.’
Funding likely would come from the state’s General Fund,
bonding, or the Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund.
Cook DFLer Tom Bakk, who chairs the Taxes Committee in the
Senate and whose district includes Vermilion, said he was hopeful,
but not optimistic, the Legislature would fund the new park.
‘This is going to be a huge challenge for the Legislature,’ he
said. ‘This is no slam dunk.’
Like is happening on many lakes, small cabins on Vermilion are
being replaced with large and expensive homes. If homes are built
on the site, none of them will sell for less than $1 million, Bakk
‘The day is coming when regular, working-class people won’t be
able to use this lake anymore,’ he said.
A complication could be that St. Louis County, about 60 percent
of which is publicly owned, would have to give up $200 million to
$300 million in tax capacity, Bakk said. Local officials have
approached him about the project and suggested the state could sell
5 miles of shoreline somewhere else in the county. Holsten said the
DNR hasn’t had such discussions yet.
‘I do think we could potentially talk with the county and
identify some other lakeshore somewhere that could be developed to
help kind of offset that, and I don’t think anybody would know it
ever even happened because the state actually owns a lot of
lakeshore,’ Bakk said.
If a park is developed, it likely would generate more than
$500,000 a year in revenue from camping and tours, as well as $8.5
million in spending in the area, said Courtland Nelson, Minnesota
State Park director.
The state currently operates 72 state park and recreation areas.
State parks attract about 8 million people a year. Officials say
the new park could be open in two to three years.
Bakk predicted a state park at Vermilion quickly would become a
destination. In the northeast, state parks are five of the top 10
‘I’ll bet money, anybody that wants to bet, that five years out,
after this thing is developed, there will be more visitors to this
park than there are to the Boundary Waters every year,’ he
While concrete plans haven’t been made, the park could include
remote campsites, boat camping, and camper cabins, as well as
hiking and biking trails, Holsten said. He also envisions an
energy-efficient visitor center, as well as amenities such as
He said the park should offer such things as a way to attract
‘We want to make this the new standard of what state parks need
to be looking at,’ Holsten said.
Locals for years have used the property for deer and grouse
hunting, and a snowmobile trail also runs through the area, Bakk
said. He said those opportunities should remain in place.
While it’s often limited in scope, state parks increasingly have
been opened to hunting in recent years, Holsten said. The DNR plans
to hold public meetings in the area to take input on what should be
included at the park.
‘There’s no reason, on a unit this size, as we look forward,
that we can’t accommodate recreational opportunities that we
traditionally haven’t done,’ he said.
The park would increase public access to the lake, which
includes 40,000 acres of water, 365 islands, and 1,200 miles of
shoreline. Officials say state parks lack a presence on lakes such
‘This is a unique opportunity to create a next-generation state
park on one of Minnesota’s most beautiful and undeveloped lakes,’
Pawlenty said in a press release. ‘A state park in this location
would provide an ‘up north, place at the lake experience,’ for all