White-nose syndrome reportly killing bats this winter
Mohawk, Mich. — DNR officials last month received the first reports this winter of bats dying from white-nose syndrome. Members of the public found dead bats outside the opening of an abandoned copper mine near Mohawk in the Upper Peninsula’s Keweenaw County and reported it to DNR field staff.
White-nose syndrome was first discovered in Michigan in late winter 2014 in Alpena, Dickinson, Keweenaw, Mackinac, and Ontonagon counties. Widespread die-offs of hibernating bats are expected in all of these counties, and potentially others, this winter. Experience with white-nose syndrome in northeastern states suggests that most dead bats will be found within 100 yards of the openings to the mines, caves, or other places in which they hibernate (called hibernacula), but some bats may travel a mile or more before dying.
Because most of the major bat hibernacula in these counties are in relatively remote areas, most people will probably not see the bat die-offs. However, in towns like Iron Mountain, Hancock, and Norway, where large numbers of bats hibernate in mines within the city limits, area residents may see dead and dying bats. These bats may be on the ground, or in roosts on trees, buildings, or other structures close to humans and domestic animals.
While there is no connection between white-nose syndrome and rabies, bats can carry rabies, a virus that infects the central nervous system of mammals, including people, and causes death if not properly treated.
Rabies is most commonly spread by the bite (or contact with the saliva) of an infected animal. Bats are the animals most commonly found infected with rabies in Michigan, although the disease is relatively rare even in bats.
“We understand the public will be concerned, and we share their concern for the plight of these bats,” said Dan O’Brien, DNR wildlife veterinarian. “Unfor-tunately, there is nothing that the public can do to help the bats that are now dying. There is currently no practical way to treat the large number of bats affected by white-nose syndrome. For public health reasons, it is very important that people not touch bats with bare hands, and to keep children, pets, and livestock away from bats. Pets and livestock also can be protected by making sure they have a current rabies vaccination.”
The DNR asks that bat die-offs this winter be reported on the DNR website or by calling (517) 336-5030. The DNR will not be collecting and disposing of bat carcasses where die-offs have occurred. The public can safely dispose of dead bats by picking them up with a shovel or heavy gloves and placing them in plastic trash bags for routine garbage disposal.
Rehabilitation of bats is prohibited in Michigan because of the potential for exposure of humans and domestic animals to rabies.
Long-term, the public can best help bat populations recover from the effects of white-nose syndrome by staying out of mines and caves where bats hibernate (unless proper biosecurity precautions are taken), becoming educated about the critical ecological roles bats play, and supporting bat research and conservation.