Sunday, January 29th, 2023
Sunday, January 29th, 2023

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South Dakota pheasant brood count under way

Sioux FallsS, S.D. (AP) _ There’s no shortage of interest in
South Dakota’s most popular bird count.

Staff in Game, Fish and Parks Department offices are eager to
volunteer, and hunters looking forward to October days in the field
await results of the pheasant brood survey that’s under way.

The July 25-Aug. 15 survey gives a sampling of the summer
pheasant hatch, an overall picture of pheasant densities and an
estimated population leading up to the hunting season.

“We’ve got staff beating down the door to run brood surveys,”
said Chad Switzer. “Everyone wants to do that, and rightfully
so.”

The 2008 pheasant season, which the GF&P estimates put
$219.6 million into the state’s economy, drew 176,180 hunters –
many of them from outside the state.

The survey is on 110 30-mile routes of primarily gravel roads.
Each survey begins at sunrise and ends within two hours. The bird
counters drive at no more than 20 mph from west to east to keep the
sun out of their eyes as they count chicks and adult pheasants
drawn to the road to eat grit and gravel that aids their digestion.
Generally, it’s one person per route.

Switzer, a wildlife biologist who’s the GF&P’s pheasant
specialist, said the optimum weather conditions for the survey are
moderate to heavy dew, clear skies and calm winds.

“That really gets those pheasant broods and roosters and hens
out on the road and provides us the most accurate count on those
30-mile surveys,” he said.

“Even after a good rainfall with a calm morning and sunny skies,
that’s great times to run those routes as well,” Switzer said.

The GF&P began the summer brood survey in 1949 and has stuck
mostly to the same routes, with some additions to increase the
sample size.

Last year’s survey showed an average of 8.5 birds per mile, the
most in 45 years and well above the 1990s average of 3.24 per
mile.

“I’d be surprised if we exceed our (2008) statewide average
pheasant per mile. I’m not saying it can’t happen, but I would be
surprised,” he said.

The survey could give some indication whether winter storms cut
into what had been a rebounding pheasant population in northern
South Dakota.

“We had some anecdotal reports of maybe losses greater than
average in that north central, northeast part of the state,”
Switzer said. “However, with that being said, we’re getting good
reports from staff and landowners on the number of pheasant broods
they are seeing in those same spots that we observed some mortality
loss.”

Nesting habitat was good in spring, but Switzer said cool
temperatures during the peak hatch could have reduced brood
success.

Youth-only and resident-only seasons precede the general hunting
season that runs Oct. 17 to Jan. 3, 2010.

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