Sunday, February 5th, 2023
Sunday, February 5th, 2023

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An encounter with a rare and exceptional River Otter

A group of otters encountered by Simmons and her father. On the right is the juvenile piebald otter staring into her lens. In the bottom photo, directly behind the piebald, is the mother of the three young otters. (Photos by Willow Simmons)

The call time for kayaking was 5 a.m. “You have to be up before the sun if you want to see the cool stuff,” said my dad. We got in at our usual launch spot and were aiming to get photos of the raccoons fishing in the creeks at the edge of a lake in Washington County.

Lately, my favorite way to start the day has been kayaking. The songs of the lake are a melody to my ears. I love hearing the hooting of a barred owl as I paddle out on the lake and squawking of great blue herons as they rise from the trees to soar to new perching areas.

Getting on the water early is an essential factor for my kayaking trips because I like to see the nocturnal animals before they head to their day-time retreats and the diurnal animals are just waking up. I got to the back of the lake and made my way into the next section of the creek where raccoons were scattered everywhere, finishing up fishing before going nest for the day. I snapped some photographs of the raccoons and made my way to a new area, completely unaware of what lie ahead.

Ahead, maybe 30 yards, I saw a group of animals swimming. They were quick and dove into the water. After a few moments – perplexed as to what I saw – I came to realize my dad and I had just stumbled upon a group of river otters.

The raft of otters swam across the creek and onto the banks where they stood together as a unit threatening us with hisses and growls. Standing in plain sight before us were four river otters.

One of them was a piebald!

The otters meant no harm by their vocalizations, they were just trying to deter us from coming any closer. I didn’t mean to get so close to the otters, who were not expecting to see me. I was overcome with a rush of emotions as these experiences with wildlife are what I live for. Seeing river otters is a treat in itself, but getting to witness a juvenile piebald is something even more special.

This encounter with the river otters was nothing short of remarkable. I have known river otters to be in this particular lake for a few years, but have only caught mere glimpses of them. To see them flourishing and reproducing is such an honor. River otters are found in every county in Illinois, however, they are still a special sighting as they are most active at night.

A healthy river otter population indicates a healthy environment. The recovery of the river otter is a testament to modern wildlife management, improvements in water quality and a lot of hard work by biologists and landowners who made it happen.

What does piebald mean?

Piebald is a genetic condition that causes an animal’s fur or skin to have dark pigmented patches on an unpigmented base layer of skin or fur. Many animals can have this coloration, including deer, squirrels, snakes, and more.

With a coloration that stands out in nature, piebald animals are at greater risk of predation.

In my area, otters can be preyed upon by coyotes, bobcats, and humans. Humans trap otters for their fur; some people trap otters if they take up residence in a privately-owned pond, which requires applying for a special nuisance permit from DNR if conducted outside of the normal trapping season.

Otters can eat many fish in a private pond, but rarely consume them all, especially if adequate habitat is provided in the pond that allows fish to escape predators. Once the fishing is no longer as good for them, the otters will move on to the next pond, and continue moving until they find an adequate body of water that can support their food requirements.

More about river otters

• Otters are social creatures and will often be found hanging out in groups playing.

• River otters live for approximately eight years in the wild. Mature females will have litters of one to three pups. The pups will stay with their mother for about one year until she is ready to breed once more.

• These semiaquatic mustelids are primarily carnivorous, feeding on animals such as fish, crawdads, amphibians, turtles, etc.

Take it from me, the unexpected, perhaps once-in-a-lifetime, cool stuff of nature is incentive enough to respond to a 5 a.m. wake-up call.

Willow Simmons works as a veterinarian technician and in her free time she practices wildlife photography. Her photography primarily focuses on southern Illinois wildlife where she is based. This article originally appeared in the Outdoor Illinois Wildlife Journal.

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